Marc Kenis and Saidou Nacambo represented IFWA at the “Insects to Feed the World” Conference in Wuhan, China, on May 15-18, 2018. Marc gave a talk on “Use of house flies as poultry feed by smallholder farmers in West Africa: prospects and constraints”. Saidou presented a poster entitled “Improving termite collection for poultry feed in smallholder farms in Northern Burkina Faso”. All abstracts of the conference can be found in a special issue of the Journal of Insects as Food and Feed.
Marc and Saidou in Wuhan, with Gabriela Maciel-Vergara and Emilie Devic, two former students in the Proteinsect project who helped developing the fly production systems presently being used in IFWA.
The first IFWA meeting of the second phase of the project took place in Accra Ghana, where we were invited by our partners of the Animal Research Institute, CABI and Fish for Africa.This was the first meeting after we learnt that the project would be re-conducted for three more years.
All research sites were visited, as well poultry producers that have adopted the production of fly larvae for feeding their poultry, following recommendations of IFWA.
On 27 November 2017, in Cotonou, Benin, Sèchémé Charles Betrand Pomalégni successfully and brilliantly defended his PhD thesis entitled “Perceptions, performances zootechniques et qualité nutritionnelle de la viande de poulets locaux (Gallus gallus) nourris avec des rations alimentaires à base de larves de mouche (Musca domestica, Linnaeus 1758) au Bénin”
Congratulations to Charles and his professors
Coverage of the PhD Defence on TV
Pomalegni et al. (2017) present the results of a survey in Benin on the utilisation of fly larvae by poultry farmers. It shows that nearly 6% of the farmers feed their poultry with fly larvae at least occasionally. Fly larvae are produced by exposing various wastes as substrates to attract naturally occurring flies. A total of 28 substrates used to produce larvae were cited by farmers. The most cited substrates were soy and maize bran and pig and chicken manure. Factors influencing the use of fly larvae as poultry feed are analysed. In a previous paper, Pomalegni et al (2016) had shown that, in Benin, 86% of the farmers that do not yet use fly larvae are ready to do it.
Koné et al. (2017) analysed data from a previous project in Mali on a house fly production system based on substrate exposure for natural oviposition. It showed that 1 kg of dry chicken manure provides on average 124 g of fresh larvae but important seasonal variations occur, and yields over 400 g per kg of manure were obtained in the rainy season. The addition of blood or fish offal increases yields and can also poor substrates such as sheep manure. Recommendations for the setting up and optimisation of a house fly larvae production system in West Africa are suggested. An illustrated description of the system is also provided as supplementary material.
Other publications and technical guidelines are found in our Project outputs.
A project meeting took place in May 2017 in Bobo-Dioulasso and Banfora, Burkina Faso. During the meeting, IFWA partners also visited the pilot villages and farmers that are testing the techniques of fly larvae production and termite trapping.
As for the previous meeting, this attracted a lot of media attention, including TV coverage
The IFWA project’s first evaluation was organised as part of its annual meeting in Benin which took place from 12-14 October 2016.
The programme included visits to the UAC and INRAB facilities, on-station trial sites and visits to the first villages that adopted the house fly larvae production systems.
The three assessors were positive about the project’s progress and provided very useful recommendations for improvement.
During and after the meeting, IFWA attracted a lot of media coverage. In particular, the IFWA project and partners appeared in several TV programmes. For example:
BB24. Matin Environnement 19 Oct 2016
Canal 3 Bénin. Evening News, live, 14 Oct 2016
Canal 3 Bénin. Another set of interviews 16 Oct 2016
TV coverage from Vox Africa, 18 Oct 2016