Funders and Partners

Donors

IFWA is funded by the Swiss Programme for Research on Global Issues for Development, a joint funding initiative by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF).

Partners

CABI Switzerland– Project co-ordinator
Marc Kenis
UdNUniversité de Neuchâtel (Switzerland)
Marion Fresia & Alexandre Aebi
UdACUniversité d’Abomey-Calavi (Bénin)
Christophe Chrysostome
INdEAdBInstitut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (Bénin)
Guy Apollinaire Mensah
CABI West Africa Centre
Victor Clottey
CSIRCouncil for Scientific and Industrial Research (Ghana)
Emmanuel N’Kegbe
Fish for AfricaFish for Africa, Ghana
Gabriel Koko
UPdBDUniversité Polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)
Fernand Sankara & Salimata Sonde Pousga

Theses and Postdocs

At least 12 PhD and 20 MSc and Bsc theses will be carried out in the framework of the IFWA project. In addition, the project employs several young researchers at postdoctoral level.

PhD theses
Nine PhD theses have already started. You will find a brief description for each of them below.

Abdul Gafar Sanou (UPB – Institut du Développement Rural, Burkina Faso)

Thesis title: Systems for mass production of house fly larvae, Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) in the Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso.
In his thesis, Gafar first assesses the traditional use and production systems of fly larvae by poultry farmers in southern Burkina Faso. He will then study the potential for rearing and producing house fly larvae in semi-natural conditions. Finally, he will investigate the natural enemies of house flies in the region and assess their potential nuisance in fly larvae production systems.

Adin Bloukounon Goubalan (UAC – Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Bénin)

Thesis title: Contribution of maggots to the improvement of organic fertilisers, soil fertility and productivity of vegetable production.
Adin’s PhD thesis aims to improve knowledge on the effects of maggots in the decomposition of organic wastes and explore the potential of using the residues of house fly larvae production systems to improve soil fertility for vegetable production (tomato, carrot and amaranth). The typology and physico-chemical characterisation of organic residues used as organic soil conditioners will also be studied. The kinetics of residues’ decomposition and nutrients’ mineralisation will be evaluated to develop organic fertilisation plans. The physical, chemical and biological properties of soils after application of the residues as well as the productivity of vegetable crops will be assessed. The final goal will be to develop organic composts for vegetable crops based on fly larvae production residues.

Aimé Kocou Edenakpo (INRAB and UAC – Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Bénin)

Thesis title: Reproductive performances, egg quality and growth performance of chicken of local ecotypes fed with house fly larvae meals.
Aimé is a PhD student of UAC carrying out a part of his work at INRAB. The general objective of his thesis is to study reproductive performances (nesting, hatching, chick survival, etc.), egg quality and growth performance of chicken of local ecotypes fed with house fly larvae. More specifically, (1) he will assess the reproduction performances of three local chicken ecotypes reared in three different breeding systems at various levels of confinement; (2) the same ecotypes and breeding systems will be used to test the effect of the incorporation of house fly larvae in their diet; (3) one ecotype and one breeding system will be used to test various incorporation levels of house fly larvae into the diet.

Charles Bertrand Pomalegni (INRAB, Bénin)

Thesis title: Perceptions, zootechnical performances and nutritional quality of ecotypes of local chicken (Gallus gallus) fed with diets based on house fly larvae (Musca domestica) in Benin.
Charles is a zootechnician and research scientist at INRAB, Benin. His PhD thesis aims to (1) analyse factors determining the use of fly larvae in traditional poultry feed in Benin; (2) compare the physical forms of house fly larvae to include in the feed of traditional poultry (3) assess the technical and economic performances of chicken fed with house fly larvae and (4) assess the nutritional and gustative quality of meat and eggs produced with house fly larvae.

Emmanuel Nkegbe (CSIR-Animal Research Institute, Ghana)

Thesis title: Musca domestica larvae meal as alternate protein source in scavenging poultry; Aspects of health and safety.
Emmanuel is a microbiologist and a research scientist at CSIR-Animal Research Institute. He leads Work-package 5 that covers activities on health, safety and environmental sustainability of the use of insects as feed in West Africa. At the same he is carrying out his PhD research which assesses various aspects of health and safety in the  use of housefly larvae meal as alternate protein source in poultry feed on scavenging chicken, producers and consumers.

Gabriel Adu-Aboagye (CSIR-Animal Research Institute, Ghana)

Thesis title: The reproductive performance of indigenous poultry fed larvae meal
Gabriel is a research scientist at CSIR-Animal Research Institute. His PhD thesis will focus on the use of fly larvae as feed for indigenous poultry in Ghana. The specific objectives will be to (1) assess the partial replacement of fishmeal with fly larvae meal in the diet of local poultry and its effect on growth performance; (2) evaluate the reproductive performance of hens and cocks up to their peak egg production; (3) evaluate the effect of experimental diets on fertility, hatchability and the performance of the progeny; (4) assess the economics of production of local poultry fed fly larvae meal.

Haffizou Ganda (UAC – Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques, Bénin)

Thesis title: Potential of fly larvae production on various substrates or by-products (vegetal and animal) and assessment of storage methods.
The general objective of Haffizou’s thesis is to develop efficient and sustainable systems to produce fly larvae for rural communities and small enterprises in Benin. He will compare different substrates for larval rearing and their by-products, and the best substrates will be proposed. The chemical composition of house fly larvae produced on four different substrates (maize bran, soy bran, chicken manure and pig manure) will be compared. An efficient and sustainable rearing system for house fly adults, based on locally available resources will be proposed. This study will also assess different drying and conservation methods, including their effects on the quality of dried larvae.

Hettie Arwo Boafo (CABI West Africa Centre, Ghana)

Thesis title: Production and use of insects in animal feed in Ghana.
Hettie is an entomologist who worked as a teaching assistant at the African Regional Postgraduate Programme in Insect Science, University of Ghana. For IFWA she develops efficient and locally adaptive fly larvae production systems using waste produced in Ghana. As part of her work, various waste produced will be tested for their suitability in rearing fly larvae. In addition, she is engaged in documenting the use of termites as feed in Ghana, studying collection and harvesting methods as well as improving and optimising the methods of collection.

Siegfried Obresie Afedzie (CSIR-Animal Research Institute, Ghana)

Thesis title: Upscaling the use of insect protein in the poultry value chain: Socioeconomic implications.
Siegfried is a research scientist at the CSIR-Animal Research Institute in Ghana. His PhD study posits that replacing fishmeal with insect (Black Soldier Fly (BSF) or Housefly) larvae meal would help to reduce feed costs. The success of this feeding technology however depends on its profitability, farmers’ willingness to pay and consumers’ acceptance of the product. The objectives of his thesis are to (1) determine the profitability of BSF larvae production; (2) determine profitability of replacing fishmeal with BSF meal in poultry diets; (3) determine farmers willingness to pay for BSF meal and the driving factors; (4) assess consumer preference for poultry fed BSF meal and the driving factors. These factors are being studied within the Ghanaian context to design strategies towards successful introduction of the technology.

Other theses

At least 20 MSc and BSc students will be involved in the project. A list of MSc students having already completed or started their thesis before July 2017 is provided below.

IDR (Burkina Faso):

Nadia A. Christelle Dao. Inventory and optimisation of techniques for termite collection and production in three regions of Burkina Faso: Centre Ouest, Plateau Central and Nord (completed in 2016).
Somalgré Ouédraogo. Comparative study of three diets including two based on two different termite species and one based on fish meal as an animal protein source (completed in 2016).
Jeanne Bamogo. Optimisation of production techniques for fly larvae in the region of Hauts-Bassins (on-going).
Florence Sankara. Co-construction of techniques for extracting and drying fly larvae in Southern Burkina Faso (on-going).
Joram Zongo. Acceptability of fly larvae by chicken and Guinea fowls (on-going).
Marc Somé. Effects of chicken manure and maggot production substrates on maize production and soil fertility (on-going).
Nadia A. Christelle Dao. Co-construction of production and conservation of termites in traditional poultry farming in the West of Burkina Faso (on-going).
Somalgré Ouédraogo. Effect of the use of fly larvae in feed on laying performances in hens and chick weight at hatching (on-going).

UAC – Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (Bénin):
Hermann Aristide Abihona. Study of the biology and breeding systems of the house fly (Musca domestica, Diptera: muscidae) in Benin: implications for the development of medium-scale maggot production units (completed in 2017).
Faki Chabi. Evaluation of the physico-chemical properties of residues of maggot production for the fertilisation of vegetable crops (completed in 2017).

UAC – carried out at least partly at INRAB (Bénin):
Sègla Rodrigue Djossou. Utilisation of Jatropha curcas seed cake and its residues for maggot production and soil fertilisation (completed in 2016).
Barrès Baudelaire Dagbémabou Dassou. Determination of the ingestion rate of four forms of physical presentations of fly larvae (Musca domestica) by ecotypes of local chicken in Benin (on-going).
Mahussi Marius Aubin Anato. Efficiency of indigenous substrates used for the production of house fly larvae (Musca domestica) in Benin (on-going).
Mahugnon Koffi Morel Vignonzan. Bromatological quality of maggots dried with different thermic sources (on-going).

UNINE – University of Neuchâtel (Switzerland):
Robert Mikolajewski. Socio-anthropology of an innovation, research and development project: Use of insects, poultry production and food security in West Africa (Bénin) (on-going).
Jonathan Wütrich. Socio-anthropology of an innovation, research and development project: Use of insects, poultry production and food security in West Africa (Ghana) (on-going).
Jean-Marie Oppliger. Socio-anthropology of an innovation, research and development project: Use of insects, poultry production and food security in West Africa (Burkina Faso) (starting in 2018).

Postdoctoral researchers
Several Postdocs also play a key role in IFWA:

Charlemagne Judes D. S. Gbemavo (INRAB, Bénin)
Charlemagne is a biometrician who plays an essential role in supporting INRAB and UAC students as well as other teams in statistics and biometry.
Quentin Mégret (University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland)
Quentin is an anthropologist who studies the socio-anthropological factors that may influence the reception and implementation of the project, and more precisely the overall social acceptability of using insects as feed for poultry and fish as well as the unexpected consequences such an innovation may have on local social dynamics.
Renate Zindel (University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland)
Renate is an entomologist who characterises and identifies flies obtained from the different substrates in the three countries, using molecular tools and identification keys.